From puberty through menopause, a woman's reproductive organs are constantly changing through the normal processes of sexual activity, pregnancy and aging, and sometimes disease and injury. We provide individualized, specialized care aimed at maintaining health, preventing illness and treating disease. Below are some common gynaecological conditions we are able to address for you.

Cervical cancer is usually a squamous cell carcinoma caused by human papillomavirus infection. Risk factors for cervical cancer include -

  • Younger age at first intercourse
  • A high lifetime number of sex partners
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Immunodeficiency

Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue from the membrane that normally lines the uterus — the endometrium — grows outside the uterus. This tissue acts just like the endometrium in accumulating blood in the monthly menses period, but it has no place to shed the blood at the end of the cycle. Common symptoms may include -

  • Pelvic pain and cramping before and during periods
  • Lower back and stomach pain during periods
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue

Fibroids are round growths that develop in the uterus. They are almost always benign, or non-cancerous. Usually, fibroids cause no symptoms and don't require treatment. But if symptoms occur, you should seek medical attention. Symptoms of fibroids may include -

  • Heavy Vaginal Bleeding — Excessively heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding is a common symptom. Women describe soaking through sanitary protection in less than an hour, passing blood clots and being unable to leave the house during the heaviest day of flow.

Menopause is a normal phase of a woman's life. It is defined as the period in time when the ovaries cease functioning and menstrual periods stop. Today, Women are seeking immediate relief for their menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Common symptoms of menopause include -

  • Reduced fertility
  • Changes in menstrual periods
  • Hot flashes
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Emotional changes
  • Insomnia

Many women will be diagnosed with an ovarian mass or cyst at some time in their lives. An ovarian cyst is a closed sac within the ovary that contains fluid or solid material. The majority of ovarian cysts in pre-menopausal women will be "normal" cysts, related to development of the egg in the ovary and ovulation. These cysts will almost always go away over time.

Sometimes cysts are found because a woman is having pain or discomfort, and sometimes they are felt during a routine pelvic examination.

Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina. The normal environment of the vagina is acidic, which helps prevent overgrowth of organisms that can cause vaginitis. But when disruption of the lining occurs due to extreme stress or antibiotic use, vaginitis may develop. Signs and symptoms vary depending on what type of vaginitis you have but may include -

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Burning
  • Foul odor
  • General vaginal irritation